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Chronology of Indian History

The Chronology of Indian History covers the start and end of an era, names of the rulers in India, battles and wars and other important events.


History is an important topic for competitive exams, including SSC, PSC, Railway and other state-level exams. Understanding the important events in Indian history will help you with your history preparation.

The various phases of Indian history are mentioned below.

Chronological Indian History with Year and Events

Here are the important historical incidents chronologically.

305 BCSeleucus Nicator attacked India. At that time, Chandragupta Maurya was the Emperor of India.
261 BCAshoka triumphs over Kalinga.
58 BCVikram era.
78 ADShalivahana or Saka era started. At that time, Kaniska was the emperor.
320 ADThe Gupta Empire was started.Chandragupta I – Samudragupta – Chandragupta II – Kumargupta – Skandagupta.The last emperor of the Gupta era was Budhgupta.
405 ADFaxian (Fa-Hien) visited India when Vikramaditya was the emperor.
606-647 ADHarsha Vardhana (The last emperor) ruled northern India.
647 ADHarsha Vardhana died.
712 ADMohammad Bin Qasim attacked Sindh.
824 ADAdi Sankaracharya died.
900 ADThe era of Chola.
1000-1026 ADSultan Mahmud (Emperor of Gazni) reigned in India.Al biruni(Lives in Morokko) came in India.
1018 ADSultan Mahmud attack Kannauj.
1025-1026 ADSultan Mahmud sacked (17 times looted) the Somnath temple in Gujrat, India.
1190-1290 ADMuslim empire in North India.
1191 ADFirst Battle of Tarain between Mohammed Ghori and Prithvi Raj Chauhan III.Victory of Prithvi Raj Chauhan III.
1192 ADSecond Battle of Tarain. Between Mohammed Ghori and Prithvi Raj Chauhan III.The victory of Mohammed Ghori.
1206 ADPermanent Muslim empire in the reign of Qutb-ud din Aibak.Qutb-ud din Aibak killed Mohammed Ghori.
1210-1235 ADReign period of Iltutmish.
1221 ADGenghis Khan attacked India.
1236-1240 ADReign period of Razia Sultana (First and last female Muslim Emperor).Construction of Qutb Minar.
1260-1286 ADBalban era.
1296-1320 ADReign of Ala-ud-din Khalji
1330 ADMuhammad bin Tughluq issued copper currency.
1336 ADEstablishment of Vijayanagara Empire.
1347 ADEstablishment of the Bahamani Empire in South India.
1398 ADTimur/Tamerlane plunders Delhi at the reign of Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Shah Tughluq.
1469 ADBorn of Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism.
1498 ADVasco-de Gama at Calicut, a city of Kerala.
1526 ADThe first battle of Panipat was between Babur and Ibrahim Lodi. [Babur wins]Establishment of Mughal empire in north India.
1542 ADBorn of Akbar in Umerkot.
1556-1605 ADReign of Akbar, Second Battle of Panipat between Bairam Khan (Akbar’s General) and Hemu (The Hindu king). [Bairam Khan wins]Restoration of Mughal Empire.
1571 ADEstablishment of Fatehpur Sikri by Akbar.
1576 ADAkbar defeated Rana Pratap at the battle of Haldighat.
1600 ADEast India Company got tracking rights in India.
1605 ADAkbar dies.
1612 ADFirst industry of East India Company in Surat, during the reign of Jahangir.
1627 ADBirth of Shivaji.
1648 ADShahJahan completes Taj-Mahal.
1658 ADShah Jahan dies.The position of Shah Jahan was by Aurangzeb.
1674 ADShivaji was crowned with the Chhatrapati title at Raigad Fort, Maharashtra.
1675 ADNinth Sikh’s guru, Tegh Bahadur, was killed by the order of Aurangzeb.
1738-1739 ADNader Shah attacked India at the time of Mohammed Shah.Nader Shah loots the Peacock Throne of Shahjahan to Iran.
1757 ADBattle of Palassey between Robert Clive and Siraj-ud-Dulah [Robert Clive win]East India Company rule started in India.
1760 ADBattle of Bandisbash.
1761 ADThe third battle of Panipat was between Ahmad Shah Abdali and Balaji Baji Rao. Marathas are lost and routed.
1764 ADBattle of Boxer between Major Manror and Mirkashim [Victory of East India Company] The British era started in India.
1793 ADPermanent Settlement by Lord Cornwallis.
1799 ADFourth Anglo-Mysore war. Tipu Sultan died.
1835 ADThe English language took place in the education system during the reign of Benting by Lord Mackowl.
1853 ADFirst railway service between Bombay and Thane(32 Km.)
1856 ADBorn of Bal Gangadhar Tilak
1885 ADEstablishment of Indian National Congress [By Allan Octavian Hume]First meeting of Indian National Congress (INC) in Bombay, Womesh Chandra Banerjee was the president.
1889 ADJawaharlal Nehru is born.
1906 ADThe All India Muslim League was formed in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Leader: Aga Khan
1911-1912 ADThe capital of India transferred from Kolkata to Delhi.
1914 ADThe First World War started.
1916 ADPact between All India Muslim League and Indian National Congress. Lucknow pact happens.
1917 ADChamparan satyagraha, First satyagraha at Bihar, India.
1918 ADEnd of First World War.
1919 ADThe Rowlatt Act or Black Bill was passed. Jallianwall Bagh massacre in Amritsar.
1920 ADAfter the Bal Gangadhar Tilak passed, Mahatma Gandhi became the leader of the Indian National Congress (INC).First Non-cooperation movement.
1922 ADChourachouri massacre.End of Non-cooperation movement to wreck the government internally.
1923 ADThe Swaraj party was formed by Chittaranjan Das and Motilal Nehru.
1925 ADChittaranjan Das died.
1929 ADPurna Swaraj resolution by Gandhiji against the British Government.
1935 ADGovernment of India Act.
1939 ADEstablishment of All India Forward Bloc by Subhas Chandra Bose.The Second World War started.
1942 ADQuit India movement.Crips proposal for dominion status establishment of Indian National Army by Subhas Chandra Bose.
1946 ADCabinet Mission.
1947 ADBritish Raj left India.Indian Independence Act 1947.Pakistan was declared an Independent state.Partition of India.
1950 ADSardar Vallav vai patel dies.Republic day.
1952 ADFirst General Election completed[Started on 1951]
1964 ADDeath of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.Lal Bahadur Sashtri becomes prime minister of India.
1965 ADPakistan attacked India through the Kutch Sind area.
1966 ADTaskhand pact between India and Pakistan.
1969 ADMadraz named Tamil Nadu.
1971 ADThird India-Pak war, Pakistan loss.Bangladesh has become an Independent country.Emergency law was declared a second time.
1975 ADIndira Gandhi declares Emergency.First India satellite Aryabhata successfully launched.
1977 ADEmergency law was stopped.
1985 ADPact between Assam and Punjab at the time of Rajib Gandhi.
1989 ADFirst supercomputer (Cray-x-MP14) was made for the nation.
1996 ADFirst polar satellite launch vehicle (PSLV-D3) was successfully launched from India.
1999 ADA. B. Vajpayee makes a trip to Pakistan.India started Operation Vijay (Kargil war) on 26th May to remove Pakistani forces.
2000 ADBill Clinton (US president) visited India to improve the relationship.

Also Read – Indian History Questions and Answers