8 Parts of Speech in the English Language

Parts of speech define how words are used in a sentence.

There are eight parts of speech in the English language:

  • Noun
  • Pronoun
  • Adjective
  • Verb
  • Adverb
  • Prepositions
  • Conjunction
  • Interjection

8 Parts of Speech in the English language


A noun is a part of a speech which refers to words that are used to define or name a person, place or things (living or Non-living).

Example :

John is a dancer.

I have a brother.

I have a computer.

The tiger is extremely big.

Akbar was a great emperor.


A Pronoun is a part of a speech which is used as a substitute/replacement for a noun.

I, me, he, she, it, we, they, them, and etc., these are all pronoun.

Example :

I have a house.

Ram is not here, he is ill.

She is the prettiest woman of the world.

Rita failed, which broke her heart.

It is very beautiful.


This part of a speech is used to qualify/describe a noun or a pronoun.

Adjectives are also used to specify colour, shape, size and quality.

Example :

It is a black cat.

This is a dark room.

Give me a little milk.

Many peoples were present.


A verb is the most important part of a speech. You can call verbs an action word. Verb signifies the state of being of the subject in a sentence.

Example :

He walks fast.

The rose smells sweet.

They are running to reach their destination.

She is reading books.


An adverb is used to describe a verb.

In a sentence, adverbs describe how the action was done.

Sometimes adverb is used to describe adjectives and other adverbs in a sentence.

Example :

He walks fast.

He is very clever.

I did it quite easily.

They are walking slowly.


This part of speech basically forms a positional relationship between the subject and the object.

Prepositions are placed before a noun or, any word related to a noun.

Prepositions make a link between words in a sentence.

There are more than 100 of prepositions in the English Language, e.g. in, at, on, to, for, of, off, from, on, onto, after, into and etc.

Example :

She is in the garden.

He came to see me.

We are at the airport.

The laptop is on my lap.


Conjunction is a part of a speech that binds words, phrases and clauses.

For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So and etc. These are all conjunctions.

Example :

He cannot play because he is ill.

He said this to Ram and Shyam.

I like girls, but I don’t want to marry.

I only travel by train or bus.


This part of a speech refers to words, which are used to express spontaneous feelings or reactions in a sentence.

Ahh, Alas!, Congrats!, wow!, damn!, Oh, Uh-oh, Bravo!, and etc. These are all Interjection.

Example :

Alas! He is dead.

Bravo! You are successful.

Oh, what a beautiful scenery!

List of 8 types of parts of speech in the English language

Parts of speechDescription
NounIt is used to denote any person or thing (concrete or abstract).
PronounIt is a substitute of a noun.
AdjectiveIt is used to qualify or describe a noun.
VerbIt is the activities of any persons or things.
AdverbIt describes the meaning of a verb.
PrepositionsIt is used as a class of words to make links with other words into a sentence.
ConjunctionIt is used to bind phrases, clauses, and sentences.
InterjectionIt is used for any kind of spontaneous feelings or reactions.

Parts of Speech Quiz Test

Test your Parts of Speech skills at Basictell!

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