8 Parts of Speech in the English Language

Parts of Speech

Parts of speech defines how words are used in a sentence.

There are eight parts of speech in the English language:


This part of speech refers to words that are used to define or name a person, place and thing(Living or Non-living).


John is a dancer.

I have a brother.

I have a computer.

The tiger is extremely big.


A Pronoun is a part of a speech which is used as a substitute/replacement for a noun.


I have a house.

Ram is not here, he is ill.

Rita failed, which broke her heart.

It is very beautiful.


This part of a speech is used to qualify/describe a noun or a pronoun.

Adjectives are used to specify colour, shape, size and quality.


It is a black cat.

This is a dark room.

Give me a little milk.

Many peoples were present.


This is the most important part of a speech. You can call verbs an action word. Verb signifies the state of being of the subject in a sentence.


He walks fast.

The rose smells sweet.


It is used to describe a verb. In a sentence, adverbs describe how the action was done.

Sometimes it is used to describe adjectives and adverbs also.


He walks fast.

He is very clever.

I did it quite easily.


This part of speech basically forms a positional relationship between the subject and the object.

It is placed before a noun or, any word related to a noun. It makes a link with other words of a sentence.


She is in the garden.

He came to see me.

We are at the airport.

The laptop is on my lap


Conjunction is a part of speech that binds words, phrases and clauses.


He cannot play because he is ill.

He said this to Ram and Shyam.


This part of a speech refers to words, which are used to express spontaneous feelings or reactions in a sentence.


Alas! he is dead.

Bravo! you are successful.

List of 8 types of parts of speech in the English language

Parts of speechDescription
NounIt is used to denote any person, concrete or abstract thing.
PronounIt is a substitute of a noun.
AdjectiveIt is used to qualify or describe a noun.
VerbIt is the activities of any persons or things.
AdverbIt describes the meaning of a verb.
PrepositionsIt is used as a class of words to make links with other words into a sentence.
ConjunctionIt is used to bind phrases, clauses, and sentences.
InterjectionIt is used for any kind of expression.

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