United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD):
Established in – 1964
Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
United Nation Conference on Trade and development (UNCTAD) was established in 1964 to maximize the activity trade and development between developing countries on an equitable basis. Presently 193 countries become the member of UNCTAD. Headquarter of UNCTAD is on Geneva, Switzerland; where 400 workers works for UNCTAD.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development:
Established in – 16th April, 1948 (As OEEC) / 30th September 1961(As OECD)
Organisation for Economic co-operation and development made in 16th April, 1948 as OEEc and become OECD on 30th September. 34 most developed countries are the member of this organisation. Starting from England, UK, France, Germany there are countries like Australia, Newzeland, Japan involve in this organisation. The main aim of OECD is to simulate economic progress and world trade.
United Nations Educational, Scientific & Cultural Organisation (UNESCO):
Established in – 16th November, 1945
Headquarters – Paris, France
UNESCO made in 1945, to maintain peace and security worldwide through Education, Science and Culture. It also involves with the protection of culture and natural heritage places of the whole world.
World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA):
Established in – 10th November, 1999
Headquarters – Montreal, Quebec
This organisation made in 1999 in Switzerland to stop drugs in sports.
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT):
Started 1948, lasted until 1994.
After the failure of International trade organisation (ITO), GATT was came to break all the barriers on International Trade and Tariffs. There were 23 countries signed in GATT. Australia, Belgium, Brasil, Myanamar, Canada, Srilanka, Chili, China, Cuba, Check republic, france, India, Lebanan, Luxembarg, Netherlands, Newzeland, Norway, Pakistan, South Rodesia, Siria, South Africa, UK, US. The working of GATT getting slow after the commencement of WTO on 1st Jan, 1995.
International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC):
Established in – 1918
IUPAC established in 1919 for developing standard naming for chemical elements and compounds worldwide. National chemical societies of each state are the member of IUPAC.
United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF):
Established in – 11th December 1946
Headquarters – New York, USA
UNICEF was created to provide emergency food and health care services to children of those countries, devastated by world war II. Headquarter of UNESCO is in Newyork. All the services are provided to UNESCO from Copenhagen. The logo of UNESCO is shown on the shirts of the football team FC Barcelona.
World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF):
Established in – September, 1961
Headquarters – Gland, Vaud, Switzerland
WWF made for conservation, research and restoration of environment which working within more than 100 countries.
World Trade Organisation (WTO):
Established in – 1st January, 1995
Headquarters – Centre william Rappard, Geneva, Switzerland
WTO made by replacing GATT (General Agreement on Tariff and Trade). It deals with the trade between member countries.
List of World Organization and their Headquarters
|UNCTAD||Geneva||United Nations Conference on Trade and Development|
|UNO||New York||United Nation Organizations|
|UNICEF||New York||United Nations International Children�s Emergency Fund|
|WHO||Geneva||World Health Organisation|
|OPEC||Vienna, Austria||Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries|
|ASEAN||Jakarta, Indonesia||Association of South East Nations|
|World Bank||Washington D.C|
|IBRD||Washington||International Bank for Reconstruction and Development|
|ADB||Manila||Asian Development Bank|
|ADB||Abidjan, C te d�Ivoire||African Development Bank|
|IMF||Washington DC||International Monetory Fund|
|WTO||Geneva, Switzerland||World Trade Organisation|
|NATO||Brussels, Belgium||North Atlantic Treaty Organization|
|International Court Of Justice||The Hague, Netherland|
|IAEA||Vienna||International Atomic Energy Agency|
|IDA||Washington||International Development Association|
|IFC||Washington||International Finance Corporation|
|UNIDO||Vienna||United Nations Industrial Development Organization|
|International Committee of the Red Cross||Geneva|
|APEC||Singapore||Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation|
|ICAO||Montreal||International Civil Aviation Organization|
|International Maritime Organisation||London|
|FAO||Rome, France||Food and Agricultural Organisation|
|World Meteorological Organisation||Geneva|
|IFAD||Rome||International Fund for Agricultural Development|
|ILO||Geneva||International Labor Organization|
|Commonwealth of Nations||London|
|UPU||Berne||Universal Postal Union|
|ITU||Geneva||International Telecommunications Union|
|IMO||London||International Maritime Organization|
|WIPO||Geneva||World Intellectual Property Organization|
|ACU||Teheran||Asian Clearing Union|