This article provides information about various world Organizations and their establishment year, primary aim, member nations, headquarters and other details.
World organizations are made to set an international agenda, maintain the welfare between the member nations, strengthen political relationships, and help in development by providing funds to the developing countries.
In various competitive exams especially in Government Exams including SSC, PSC, UPSC, Banking, Railway and other questions are asked from the World organization and their headquarters. Questions can be asked about the full form of World organizations, established year and their headquarters. Here you can find and read the list of all important International organizations, about their establishment, headquarters and other details.
List of World Organization and their Headquarters
|UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development)||Geneva, Switzerland|
|UNO (United Nation Organizations)||New York, USA|
|UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation)||Paris, France|
|UNICEF (United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund)||New York, USA|
|WHO (World Health Organisation)||Geneva, Switzerland|
|UNFPA||New York, USA|
|OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries)||Vienna, Austria|
|ASEAN (Association of South East Nations)||Jakarta, Indonesia|
|World Bank||Washington D.C, USA|
|IBRD (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development)||Washington, USA|
|ADB (Asian Development Bank)||Manila, Philippines|
|ADB (African Development Bank)||Abidjan, C te d’Ivoire|
|IMF (International Monetary Fund)||Washington DC, USA|
|WTO (World Trade Organisation)||Geneva, Switzerland|
|NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)||Brussels, Belgium|
|International Court Of Justice||The Hague, Netherland|
|IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency)||Vienna, Austria|
|IDA (International Development Association)||Washington, USA|
|IFC (International Finance Corporation)||Washington, USA|
|UNIDO (United Nations Industrial Development Organization)||Vienna, Austria|
|International Committee of the Red Cross||Geneva, Switzerland|
|APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation)||Singapore|
|ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization)||Montreal, Canada|
|International Maritime Organisation||London, UK|
|FAO (Food and Agricultural Organisation)||Rome, France|
|World Meteorological Organisation||Geneva, Switzerland|
|Amnesty International||London, UK|
|IFAD (International Fund for Agricultural Development)||Rome, Italy|
|ILO (International Labor Organization)||Geneva, Switzerland|
|Commonwealth of Nations||London, UK|
|UPU (Universal Postal Union)||Berne, Switzerland|
|ITU (International Telecommunications Union)||Geneva, Switzerland|
|IMO (International Maritime Organization)||London, UK|
|WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization)||Geneva, Switzerland|
|ACU (Asian Clearing Union)||Teheran, Iran|
About World Organisations
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
- Established in – 1964
- Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
The United Nation Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) was established in 1964 to maximize the activity trade and development between developing countries on an equitable basis. Presently 193 countries become members of UNCTAD. Headquarter of UNCTAD is in Geneva, Switzerland, where 400 workers work for UNCTAD.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
- Established in – 16th April, 1948 (As OEEC) / 30th September 1961(As OECD)
Organisation for Economic co-operation and development was made on 16th April, 1948 as OEEc and became OECD on 30th September. 34 most developed countries are members of this organisation. Starting from England, UK, France, Germany there are countries like Australia, New Zealand, Japan involved in this organisation. The main aim of OECD is to simulate economic progress and world trade.
United Nations Educational, Scientific & Cultural Organisation (UNESCO)
- Established in – 16th November, 1945
- Headquarters – Paris, France
UNESCO was made in 1945, to maintain peace and security worldwide through Education, Science and Culture. It also involves the protection of culture and natural heritage places of the whole world.
World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA)
- Established in – 10th November, 1999
- Headquarters – Montreal, Quebec
This organization was created in 1999 in Switzerland to stop drugs in sports.
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
- Started 1948, lasted until 1994.
After the failure of International trade organisation (ITO), GATT was came to break all the barriers on International Trade and Tariffs. There were 23 countries signed in GATT. Australia, Belgium, Brasil, Myanmar, Canada, Sri Lanka, Chile, China, Cuba, Czech republic, France, India, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Newzeland, Norway, Pakistan, South Rhodesia, Siria, South Africa, UK, US. The working of GATT getting slow after the commencement of WTO on 1st Jan, 1995.
International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC)
- Established in – 1918
IUPAC was established in 1919 for developing standard naming for chemical elements and compounds worldwide. National chemical societies of each state are members of IUPAC.
United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
- Established in – 11th December 1946
- Headquarters – New York, USA
UNICEF was created to provide emergency food and health care services to children of those countries, devastated by world war II. The Headquarters of UNESCO is in New York. All the services are provided to UNESCO from Copenhagen. The logo of UNESCO is shown on the shirts of the football team FC Barcelona.
World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
- Established in – September, 1961
- Headquarters – Gland, Vaud, Switzerland
WWF made conservation, research and restoration of the environment while working within more than 100 countries.
World Trade Organisation (WTO)
- Established in – 1st January, 1995
- Headquarters – Centre william Rappard, Geneva, Switzerland
WTO made by replacing GATT (General Agreement on Tariff and Trade). It deals with the trade between member countries.