World Organisations

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD):

Established in – 1964
Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
United Nation Conference on Trade and development (UNCTAD) was established in 1964 to maximize the activity trade and development between developing countries on an equitable basis. Presently 193 countries become the member of UNCTAD. Headquarter of UNCTAD is on Geneva, Switzerland; where 400 workers works for UNCTAD.


Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development:

Established in – 16th April, 1948 (As OEEC) / 30th September 1961(As OECD)
Organisation for Economic co-operation and development made in 16th April, 1948 as OEEc and become OECD on 30th September. 34 most developed countries are the member of this organisation. Starting from England, UK, France, Germany there are countries like Australia, Newzeland, Japan involve in this organisation. The main aim of OECD is to simulate economic progress and world trade.


United Nations Educational, Scientific & Cultural Organisation (UNESCO):

Established in – 16th November, 1945
Headquarters – Paris, France
UNESCO made in 1945, to maintain peace and security worldwide through Education, Science and Culture. It also involves with the protection of culture and natural heritage places of the whole world.


World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA):

Established in – 10th November, 1999
Headquarters – Montreal, Quebec
This organisation made in 1999 in Switzerland to stop drugs in sports.


General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT):

Started 1948, lasted until 1994.
After the failure of International trade organisation (ITO), GATT was came to break all the barriers on International Trade and Tariffs. There were 23 countries signed in GATT. Australia, Belgium, Brasil, Myanamar, Canada, Srilanka, Chili, China, Cuba, Check republic, france, India, Lebanan, Luxembarg, Netherlands, Newzeland, Norway, Pakistan, South Rodesia, Siria, South Africa, UK, US. The working of GATT getting slow after the commencement of WTO on 1st Jan, 1995.


International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC):

Established in – 1918
IUPAC established in 1919 for developing standard naming for chemical elements and compounds worldwide. National chemical societies of each state are the member of IUPAC.


United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF):

Established in – 11th December 1946
Headquarters – New York, USA
UNICEF was created to provide emergency food and health care services to children of those countries, devastated by world war II. Headquarter of UNESCO is in Newyork. All the services are provided to UNESCO from Copenhagen. The logo of UNESCO is shown on the shirts of the football team FC Barcelona.


World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF):

Established in – September, 1961
Headquarters – Gland, Vaud, Switzerland
WWF made for conservation, research and restoration of environment which working within more than 100 countries.


World Trade Organisation (WTO):

Established in – 1st January, 1995
Headquarters – Centre william Rappard, Geneva, Switzerland
WTO made by replacing GATT (General Agreement on Tariff and Trade). It deals with the trade between member countries.


List of World Organization and their Headquarters

OrganizationsHeadquarterAbout
UNCTADGenevaUnited Nations Conference on Trade and Development
UNONew YorkUnited Nation Organizations
UNESCOParis
UNICEFNew YorkUnited Nations International Children�s Emergency Fund
WHOGenevaWorld Health Organisation
UNFPANew York
SAARCKathmandu
OPECVienna, AustriaOrganization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries
ASEANJakarta, IndonesiaAssociation of South East Nations
World BankWashington D.C
IBRDWashingtonInternational Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ADBManilaAsian Development Bank
ADBAbidjan, C te d�IvoireAfrican Development Bank
IMFWashington DCInternational Monetory Fund
WTOGeneva, SwitzerlandWorld Trade Organisation
NATOBrussels, BelgiumNorth Atlantic Treaty Organization
International Court Of JusticeThe Hague, Netherland
IAEAViennaInternational Atomic Energy Agency
IDAWashingtonInternational Development Association
IFCWashingtonInternational Finance Corporation
UNIDOViennaUnited Nations Industrial Development Organization
International Committee of the Red CrossGeneva
APECSingaporeAsia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
ICAOMontrealInternational Civil Aviation Organization
International Maritime OrganisationLondon
FAORome, FranceFood and Agricultural Organisation
World Meteorological OrganisationGeneva
Amnesty InternationalLondon
IFADRomeInternational Fund for Agricultural Development
ILOGenevaInternational Labor Organization
Commonwealth of NationsLondon
UPUBerneUniversal Postal Union
ITUGenevaInternational Telecommunications Union
IMOLondonInternational Maritime Organization
WIPOGenevaWorld Intellectual Property Organization
ACUTeheranAsian Clearing Union