River form an important physical feature of a country just as the mountains and the seas. In fact the rivers are the connectors between the mountains and the seas. Rivers generally originate from the snowy top of a mountain and flow down the slopes and the plains, finally to meet the sea. A river does not grow in width and depth until it comes down to the plains and moves towards the sea.
Usefulness of river
As a river flows along the plains it erodes its either sides and carries the soil and the rocks up to its estuary where they are deposited often to form a delta. During the flow tide a river overflows its banks and covers them with its alluvial soil making the land fertile. We know that because of this Egypt is called the gift of the Nile. The river also provides passage from one place to another. In ancients time the merchants used to carry their merchandise along the rivers. Because of all these, most important cities and towns developed along the banks of rivers.
But rivers are not always the benefactors of man. Often during the monsoon the rivers overflow the blanks flooding vast areas. As a result numerous houses are damaged. Property worth Crores is lost beyond recovery. Thousands of people either die or become homeless. The rivers cause great damage to human life and property. Still we should consider the rivers as great friends of man. The gift of rivers is not only water for drinking and washing, it has other uses. It makes the land fertile, and acts as a means of transport. All these are essential for us.
Indian Rivers and its length, source and end
|Ganges||2,525 Km||Kumayun of Himalayas||Bay of bengal|
|Indus||3,200(700 km in India)||Lake Manasarovar,Tibet||Arabian Sea|
|Brahmaputra||2,900(885 km in India)||Chemayungdung Glacier(Near Manas Sarobar)||Bay of bengal|
|Yamuna||1,376 Km||Yamunotri Glacier||Ganges River|
|Bhagirathi||205 Km||Gangotri Glacier|
|Narmada||1,312 Km||Amarkantak Hill||Gulf of Cambay/Khambhat|
|Tapti||724 Km||Mahadev Hill||Gulf of Cambay/Khambhat|
|Godavari||1,465 Km||Western Ghat mountain||Bay of bengal|
|Krishna||1,290 Km||Western Ghat mountain||Bay of bengal|
|Kaveri||765 Km||Brahmagiri Hill||Bay of bengal|
|Mahanadi||858 Km||Sihawa,Madhyapradesh||Bay of bengal|
|Sabarmati||371 Km||Aravalli Range||Gulf of Cambay/Khambhat,Arabian Sea|
|Brahmani||480 Km||–||Bay of bengal|
|Baitarani||360 Km||–||Bay of bengal|
|Subarnarekha||433 Km||–||Bay of bengal|