Missiles Of India – List of Important Indian Missiles

In this article you will find the list of important Indian missiles with their families, name, range and other information.

Missiles of India

In military missiles, also known as a guided missile is a rocket-propelled weapon delivered with explosive with high-accuracy and speed. A missile has mainly four system components; Targeting or missile guidance, Flight system, Engine and Warhead. Missiles come in different types like; Surface-to-surface, air-to-surface, surface-to-air and others. With the successful development and testing of various missile systems for a long time India has almost achieved self reliance in missile technology.

List of Missiles of India is a very important topic for many defense exams and UPSC exams. Here we will provide all the details for easy understanding.

Types of Indian Missiles and their Families

The below table gives you a clear understanding about the types of Indian missiles and their families.

No.Type of MissileFamilies
1Air-to-air missilesAstra (missile), Novator KS-172, Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet
2Anti-radiation missilesRudram-1
3Anti-satellite missilesPrithvi Defence Vehicle Mark II
4Anti-ship missilesNASM-SR
5Anti-submarineSMART
6Anti-Tank MissilesDRDO Anti Tank Missile, Nag (missile), Amogha missile, SAMHO
7Ballistic MissilesPrithvi (missile), Agni (missile), Surya missile, K missile family, Prahaar, Pralay
8Cruise MissilesBrahMos, BrahMos-II, Nirbhay (missile)
9Ballistic Missile DefensePhase I of Indian Ballistic Missile Defence Programme, Phase II of Indian Ballistic Missile Defence Programme
10Surface-To-Air MissilesTrish, XR-SAMul (missile), Akash (missile), Maitri (missile), QRSAM, VL-SRSAM, Barak 8
11Other systemsK missile family, Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle

List of Important Indian Missiles

Here is the table of major missiles of India with type, maximum range, and speed.

No.Name of MissileType of MissileMaximum RangeSpeed
1Astra MissileAir to Air110 km – 350 kmMach 4.5
2Novator KS-172Air to Air200 km to 300 kmMach 3.3
3Rudram-1Air to Surface250  km
4TrishulShort-Range surface to air missile9 km
5ShauryaMedium-Range Ballistic Missile750 to 1,900 km
6MICAAir to Air500 m to 60 kmMach 4
7HelinaAnti Tank Missile7 – 8 km
8AkashMedium Range Surface to Air Missile30 – 35 km
9Barack 8Long-Range surface to air Missile100 kmMach 2
10Agni-IMedium range ballistic missile (MRMB)900 to 1,200 kmMach 7.5
11Agni-PMedium range ballistic missile (MRMB)1,000 to 2,000 km
12Agni-IIMedium range ballistic missile (MRMB)2,000 to 3,500 kmMach 12
13Agni-IIIIntermediate range ballistic missile (IRBM)3,500 to 5,000 km5–6 km/s
14Agni-IVIntermediate range ballistic missile (IRBM)4,000 kmMach 7
15Agni-VIntermediate range ballistic missile (IRBM)5,500 to 8,000 kmMach 24
16Agni-VIIntermediate range ballistic missile (IRBM)12,000 to 16,000 km
17Prithvi IShort-Range Ballistic Missile150 km
18Prithvi IIShort-Range Ballistic Missile350 km
19Prithvi IIIShort-Range Ballistic Missile350 km
20BrahmosSupersonic cruise missile290 kmMach 3
21Brahmos IIHypersonic cruise missile450  – 600 kmMach 8
22DhanushSurface-to-surface Anti-ship ballistic missile350 to 750 km
23NirbhaySubsonic cruise missile1,000–1,500 kmMach 0.9

Note: In August 2020 The Indian Air Force (IAF) successfully tested the Beyond Visual Range (BVR) anti-air multi-target MICA missile which will be integrated with the acquired Rafale fighter jets. The test was conducted using Sukhoi Su-30 MKI fighter jets at Odisha Coast. The MICA missile system has been acquired from France. It is a 3.1m long missile with an approximate weight 112 kg and can destroy targets within 500m to 60 km range.

Guided and unguided rocket systems

Beside guided missiles India also has guided and unguided rocket systems.

No.FamilyType
1Pinaka multi-barrel rocket launcherMultiple rocket launcher
2Indian long range MRLMultiple rocket launcher

Note: Pinaka Mk I and Pinaka Mk II/Guided Pinaka are the two rocket system comes under Pinaka multi-barrel rocket launcher family.

FAQ about Missiles of India

Q 1. What are the types of Indian Missiles?

Here is a list of different types of Indian Missiles.

  • Air-to-air missiles
  • Anti-radiation missiles
  • Anti-satellite missiles
  • Anti-ship missiles
  • Anti-submarine
  • Anti-Tank Missiles
  • Ballistic Missiles
  • Cruise Missiles
  • Ballistic Missile Defense
  • Surface-To-Air Missiles
  • Other systems

Q2. Where does missile research and development in India happen? 

The missile research and development in India happen under the Defense Research and Development Laboratory (DRDL), a group of laboratories collectively called the Missile Complex Laboratories.

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